Card 06.03 Selecting, packing and storing

 

THE RISKS:

  1. Bones and muscles injuries (due to manual load moving)
  2. Tiredness and back, upper and lower limbs injuries and damages (due to "chain" work: long standing and continuous repetition of the same movements for long periods)
  3. Skin and eyes irritation (operator coming in contact with plant protection product remains)
  4. Running over things and running down people (due to improper use of the lifter)
  5. Suffocation in the cold chamber (due to lack of oxygen substituted by other gasses)
  6. Crushing (due to lift-truck overturning)

 

It is necessary to remind that:
If extended over time, repetitive works and positions, which do not allow the operator to move freely, may create tension and an fall of attention resulting in accidents. The rotation among operator's roles together with adequate work breaks may diminish the accident risk.

 

PRACTICAL AND OPERATING INDICATIONS:

 

Operator shall always use adequate P.P.E.:

  • gloves for fruit manipulation;
  • gloves for load transport;
  • rubber apron; and
  • avoid loose clothing with fluttering parts.

 

Operator shall always wash his/her hands before eating.

 

Operator shall always avoid to touch his/her eyes and other uncovered body parts with filthy gloves to minimize the contamination risk due to any toxic substance remains.

 

Operator shall always follow the fruit manipulation system during storing and packing.

 

Operator shall always use adequate protective clothing (quilt protective hat, jacket and trousers) and make sure his/her hands will not be cold for long time during goods disposition in cold chambers (temperature of 4 ­ 5° C).

 

In cold chambers none but trained operators can enter.

 

In "controlled atmosphere" cold chambers the percentage of oxygen is reduced allowing nitrogen to preserve fruits. Operator shall always act with proper prudence, work together with another operator and exit from the chamber as soon as weakness symptoms are developed.

 

Operator shall always pay attention to signals placed outside cold chambers.

 

If maintenance is needed inside the cold chamber, the operator shall be provided with a scuba.

 

Signals shall be quite visible, easy to under-stand and shall explain procedures to exit from chambers in any moment.

 

Check regularly if any leak of coolant occurs in the cold chambers, particularly in case of ammonia systems.

 

Systems shall be regularly checked.

 

It is necessary to reduce manual load within sensible limits: 25 kg for men and 15 kg for women.

 

Lift-truck operator shall be adequately trained and informed.

 

Operator shall decrease the lift-truck speed, and pay attention to pedestrians when the visibility is reduced by the load.

 

Operator shall always fasten the safety belt when the truck is running.

 

Maximum load limit shall be respected.

 

The load shall be placed correctly and the truck shall run with lowered forks to avoid unbalancing or load fall during transport.

 

It is advisable to create work stations with low discomfort and provide operator with adequate manoeuvre rooms.

 

It is advisable to try, if possible, to change body position and movements made.

 

Work shall be organized to allow task changing which help minimize problems due to prolonged positions and fall of attention resulting in accidents.

 

FURTHER INDICATIONS AND ADVICE

  • It is necessary to wash always body parts which come into contact with goods.
  • It is necessary to follow the right position while moving manually small loads.
  • Operator shall go to see the doctor regularly.
  • Operator shall always report any occupational disease.
  • Check always scuba functioning.

 

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Fruit packing

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Wash properly hands before eating and on breaks

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Low temperature protection gloves

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Low temperature protection jacket and trousers

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Signals for cold chambers

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Example of scuba

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Fork-lifter for cases transport

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